LED lighting in the interior of an apartment: pros and cons (types of devices)

Natural and artificial lighting plays an important role in interior design. Among modern lighting devices, LED lamps are widely popular - semiconductor devices that convert electric current into light radiation. LED lighting in an apartment is the best way to highlight the beauty of interior design, highlight the design advantages and compensate for the architectural features of the room.

Highlights

The attractiveness of LED luminaires is obvious - the lighting creates a pleasant atmosphere, you can use solid color LEDs, combine different light sources. The use of LEDs in an apartment allows you to implement design ideas, give rooms an original look, and visually emphasize the dignity of style.

Lighting using LEDs allows you to decorate walls, ceilings, floors, highlight any functional area of ​​the room. The products are easy to install, easily attached to the base surface, you can install them yourself.

An important feature of LEDs - the devices do not heat the surfaces with which they are in contact or are in close proximity, which eliminates the risk of fire.

Advantages and disadvantages of ice lamps

LED lighting devices appeared on the market relatively recently, quickly gained popularity among consumers. According to reviews, they have important advantages:

  • Low power consumption- a diode device at full power uses 70% less electricity than conventional bulbs.
  • Long service life- with proper calculation and development of the power supply circuit, the lighting works about one hundred thousand hours.
  • High degree of resistance to damage- the devices are made of durable materials, do not have glowing elements.
  • No flicker effect- when using led lamps, the voltage on the organs of vision is reduced.
  • Minimal heating and heat generation- due to low heat dissipation, all energy is directed to lighting.
  • Ease of installation- consumers can very easily install LED lamps with their own hands, using glue, self-tapping screws.

Important! LEDs are compact in size, they are conveniently mounted in corners, niches, narrow openings, where the installation of chandeliers, shades and other products is excluded.

A significant disadvantage of LED light sources is their high price.Expensive high-quality models cost from 2,000 rubles, budget options will cost from 90 rubles, but the latter, according to reviews, do not work for long. In case of failure of one device, the LED network ceases to function. Since an LED is a semiconductor device, the resistance of the conductor can affect the brightness, power, illumination intensity.

Varieties of LED lighting for apartments

Lighting an apartment with LED sources depends on several parameters: room dimensions, interior features, visual zoning, the purpose of using artificial lighting. According to these criteria, several types of illumination of the ceiling, walls, pieces of furniture and interior are distinguished.

Let's highlight the main types:

  • Diffused artificial lighting.Serves as the main source of light radiation. Appliances evenly fill the apartment with light, covering the entire area of ​​the room. The main requirement for light is neutrality, the absence of unlit "spots" in the room, quiet radiation.

  • LED work lights.Used when zoning the interior of a room. Led luminaires are located in functional areas where brighter, more precisely directed light is required. This can be a working area at the desk, lighting for the cooking and eating areas, the area around the mirror.

  • Accent lighting in the development of apartment design.Accent - drawing attention to some object, fragment, area of ​​the room. Light sources are positioned to visually illuminate paintings, figurines, bookshelves and other interior elements.

  • LED decorative lighting.Does not fulfill a practical function, it is used to emphasize the aesthetic appeal of the apartment. Competently located lighting, spotlights help to visually expand the boundaries of the room, complement and "revive" the atmosphere.

Types of lamps

Manufacturers of LED products produce lighting devices with different technical and performance characteristics.When choosing, you need to be guided not only by the size of the lamps, but also by their type of glow, power.

There is no strict classification of LED lamps, but conventionally all devices can be divided into several broad groups:

  • SMD LEDs with a high period are distinguished by the source used in the luminaire operation, COB - models of increased reliability with a uniform distribution of light, powerful and heavy-duty products for lighting.

SMD LED

  • appointments, spotlights, lamps for illumination of flowers. In the apartment you can use any devices designed for indoor use.

LED lamp for illumination of flowers

  • According to the type of base, all LED lamps are divided into screw (E), pin (G). Options for installation in an apartment: E27 - classic threaded base, E14 - reduced diameter base, G5.3 - pin for lighting, G4, G9, G10 - backlight.

Different caps of LED lamps

  • LEDs differ in the shape of the lamp (round, candle, pear-shaped, oval), presence / absence of a cooling radiator, luminescence brightness, color temperature (warm white, yellowish, neutral, cold white light).

Different types of lamps according to the shape

Important! When choosing an LED device, you need to pay attention to the manufacturer of the product. Luminaires must be made of quality components.

High Power LED Option

Life

for LED devices - 50,000 hours of continuous operation.Modern lighting technology is characterized by a complex design, many functional components.

Reliable manufacturers of diode lighting sources in the specifications indicate that the service life corresponds to the generally accepted value of L70 or LM70:

  • a year of operation of the LED will be 9000 hours;
  • manufacturers set full service life;
  • the operation of the device is affected by changes in the network;
  • Low light output shortens the operating time;
  • has the role of the design of the LED light bulb.

Manufacturers of LED products designate a warranty period of up to one to two years - lamps with a short and medium life, from three to five years - high-quality LEDs designed for up to 100,000 hours of operation.

Types of lighting fixtures

Lighting in the apartment can be done in different ways: to select work areas, to install the main light sources, to implement decorative and accent lighting of the room. According to the purpose, dimensions, method of installation, there are several types of lighting devices with LED sources. Let's consider their features. ​​

LED strip

Design features of the tape device - a flexible board with diodes and conductive copper paths. Each LED is enclosed in a housing.

LED strip lighting in an apartment has important advantages:

  • Long service life;
  • Minimum energy consumption;
  • Flexible base, easy installation;
  • Room lighting control;
  • Compact dimensions of lighting equipment.

Strip lighting can be used in places where the installation of other lighting devices is impossible: the perimeter of the room, furniture details, framing paintings, mirrors.

Chandeliers

Diode chandeliers are nothing more than LED ceiling lights.For an apartment, pendant products with replaceable lamps are also used to organize the main or additional lighting in the room. The body of the chandeliers is made of metal, and the shades and lampshades are made of plastic, glass, acrylic material.

Some models are equipped with remote controls as shown below.

Advantages of LED chandeliers according to consumer reviews:

  • a large selection of shapes and sizes;
  • light intensity control;
  • Installation on stretch ceilings;
  • changing the color of the light flux;
  • Uniform, flicker-free illumination.

Ceiling chandeliers create a pleasant atmosphere and emphasize the artistic style of the room. In the shops of Moscow you can buy LED ceiling chandeliers of exclusive design, which will occupy the central place of the interior.

Ice panels

A popular option for lighting technology - led panels installed in large rooms.The well-developed design allows the ceiling structures to blend harmoniously into the interior of the apartment. By the type of installation, the panels are classified into built-in and overhead (suspended).

Products can be round, rectangular, square. The thickness of the panels is 14-15 mm, so the luminaires are convenient to use for apartments with low ceilings.

Also, such lighting equipment is produced with shades and without them. For some models, control of brightness, color, direction of lighting distributed by LED panels is provided.

Wireless luminaire with motion sensor

Wireless LEDs equipped with a motion sensor are used locally in apartment lighting systems.The device reacts to the presence of a person, turns on, provides a bright light in the illuminated area, goes out after a certain time. The lighting range depends on the characteristics of the particular model.

Among the advantages of lighting technology are compact dimensions, low weight, easy installation, bright light. When the sensor detects heat radiation, the sensor reacts to movements and turns on the device if the room is dark.

Devices with a motion sensor can be installed with your own hands in the corridor, bathroom, toilet, hallway, dressing room. Wireless lamps are relevant for families with small children.

Correct LED lighting

illumination of individual interior items. The installation of products, the characteristics of the power supply, the choice of the layout of the light sources may differ, depending on the room, the design of the devices and the place of installation of the devices.

The main rule for organizing the lighting of an apartment is the harmonious arrangement of lamps, taking into account the dimensions of the room. For small rooms, small LED devices are installed, in medium-sized apartments you can use lamps of different designs, shapes and sizes, and in large rooms, large lamps, chandeliers, sconces, floor lamps are appropriate in combination with small accent details.

Living room

The living room is the most spacious room in the apartment, which means there should be a lot of light here. Basically, this room uses a central light in the form of a chandelier, but there are other options.

Three types of LED lighting are used in the hall:

  • General- light sources are placed along the perimeter of the hall ceiling as in the photo below, the central place is occupied by a chandelier or panel.

  • Workroom- the seating area near sofas and armchairs is illuminated by an LED strip, sconces are installed at coffee tables, built-in wall lamps in the ceiling...

  • Decorative directional- serves to frame interior fragments of the hall (niches in the wall, shelves, paintings, photos, mirrors).

In the living room, contour lighting looks good along the perimeter of the ceiling using spotlights or led tape, effectively emphasizes the beauty of tension, multi-level flows, makes the hall is higher, more spacious.

Bedroom

The decoration of the bedroom with lamps must be done carefully so that the lighting devices create a warm atmosphere, the light is not too bright or colorful, and the intensity of the lighting does not interfere with rest, sleep.The main and additional light sources are installed in the bedroom. The ceiling contour is evenly illuminated with spotlights.

If the room is small, you can hang a small surface-mounted or built-in LED chandelier in the center. Separately arrange the bedside area using special wall sconces, compact floor lamps. LED lighting under the bed looks beautiful and original.

If there is a picture above the head of the bed, the decor element can be illuminated with an LED strip, use the decorative illumination of the dressing table mirror, wardrobe.

Children's

In the apartment, the children's room is designed taking into account the age and gender of the child, and the room is visually divided into several zones: playroom, work, sleeping place.The child should not lack lighting, so LED devices with bright uniform light are installed in the nursery. The ceiling is decorated with a central chandelier or an ice panel; spotlights can be installed around the perimeter.

In the nursery, it is necessary to provide directional lighting in the area of ​​the desk, using wall lamps and table lamps. A compact night lamp is installed on the bedside table by the bed or sofa, or an ice lamp is mounted on the wall.

In the play area, you can make the original backlighting of the walls using LED strip. It looks very beautiful and fabulous.

Kitchen

The interior of the kitchen is usually small, there are several areas in the room that need to be well lit. General lighting is organized using built-in compact ceiling lamps or pendant chandeliers.In the working area (cooking area, stove, sink) there are bright LED lamps that give a cold glow.

Illumination of the countertop and dining area

In the kitchen, it is important to use tape lighting that can be laid in niches, corners, under glass, above shelves with dishes.Decorative lighting enhances the contours of the worktop. There are variants of the tape, in which the light sources are enclosed in an aluminum or plastic profile - they are harmoniously combined with the design of the furniture.

The dining area should be lit with bright warm light. Hanging chandeliers located above the dining table are suitable for this.

In the video:DIY LED lighting of the kitchen working area.

Hallway

There are no sources of natural light in the corridor of the apartment, without high-quality lighting the room will be dark. Several options for the location of the lamps:

  • In a narrow hallway, diodes are placed on the ceiling, directing light to the upper part of the walls in order to visually expand the corridor. For the same purposes, an LED strip is also installed along the perimeter.

  • ceiling down.

  • You can illuminate the corridor with groups of LEDs - symmetrical rows of spots around the perimeter, ice panels in the center, mirror decoration with wall fixtures or tape for framing.

The main condition for lighting an apartment hallway is a high power of light sources. When moving from room to room, there should be no sharp light contrast.

Bathroom

Installing a compact chandelier on the ceiling or spotlights in the bathroom will illuminate a small room well.Ice tape can be laid along the perimeter of the walls, around the bath - the light is well scattered, reflected from the ceiling, walls, floor.

Additionally, you need to highlight the functional areas - bright lamps are mounted above the sink or symmetrically on the sides of the mirror.

LED lighting

Renovation of an apartment, made in a modern style, involves the installation of high-quality, durable lighting. All rooms must be provided with basic, additional, optional, decorative light sources. LED lights can be used in a variety of interior styles. For classic designs, warm neutral light is appropriate, and in high-tech design high-tech, modern, fusion, loft, diode sources of cold glow look relevant.

Ceiling

The traditional way of installing main lighting is to install fixtures on the ceiling. Due to this, an optimal distribution of light throughout the room is achieved, and niches, corners, darkened areas are illuminated with additional sources.

Location of LEDs on ceiling structures:

  • Installation in a plasterboard niche.The shape of a niche is rectangular, square, curved, oval. Drywall is mounted on a frame; wires can be hidden behind the sides of the structure. Chandeliers, spotlights, ice panels and LED strips are suitable for decoration.

  • Perimeter or outline illumination.The wiring elements can be hidden behind the ceiling profile. LED strip and spotlights are used as light sources. The backlight should be directed towards the ceiling.

  • Patterns of light on the ceiling.The lighting elements (LED strip) are mounted to the base base, spotlights are installed, and the tension structure is mounted. When the light is off, the patterns are invisible, but when the LEDs are turned on, the room is transformed.

Professional interior designers often use LED lighting to create the effect of a "floating" ceiling. Light sources are installed between the tension and base structure.

Walls

Decorative wall lighting gives the apartment an attractive look. Various patterns, geometric patterns form a whimsical play of light, create soft highlights.Ice wall lighting expands the boundaries of the room, emphasizing the architectural elements of the interior. It is important that the intensity, brightness and color of the lighting can be adjusted. The proximity of light sources does not spoil the surface of the wallpaper, does not heat up the panels.

LED strip and linear ice lamps are energy-saving materials, it is profitable and practical to use them for wall decoration. The main areas of illumination are corners, niches, the perimeter of the upper part of the wall, interior elements. Linear shapes and soft contours look spectacular.

Floor

To make the room more spacious, weightless, use LEDs to illuminate the floor. Light source options - tape, flexible neon, tubes with duralight LEDs.Less commonly, ice panels are used (pointwise, in separate islands of living rooms and kitchens). You can choose a standard solution or colored floor lighting around the perimeter of the room.

For small corridors, a flexible neon thread is suitable, laid along the contour of the room at the junction of the floor and walls of the hallway.

Interesting lighting ideas

Thanks to the easy installation of LED sources and the flexibility of the material, you can highlight with soft, bright or colored light any area and detail of the room.

Interesting uses of LEDs:

  • Window space - hidden curtain lighting.

  • Arches, doorways, niches - lamps along the contour.

  • Illumination of the kitchen island, table or bar.

  • Illumination of mirrors, baths, plumbing.

  • Illumination of the kitchen apron, the bottom of the wall cabinets.

LEDs can be used to decorate indoor plants, emphasize ceiling niches, highlight an aquarium, bookshelves. There are many ideas on how to use LED sources to illuminate an apartment. An important rule - the main lighting should be uniform and bright, contour and decorative - accent. Extra light sources in the apartment are not needed, it is enough to install several powerful devices, to correctly direct the flow of light.

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