Since ancient times, serving has personified the respectful attitude of the owner of the house to his guests. This ancient art developed in accordance with the traditions of a particular country. In order to properly decorate the table for the evening party, you must follow simple rules and customs for serving dishes, arranging dishes and cutlery. Nicely presented food brings more positive emotions and creates a special atmosphere.
Table setting in different countries of the world largely depends on national characteristics and characteristics of receiving guests. In this article, we will look at how the table is served in different countries of the world, and what are the features of this process.
In the Japanese style
The setting of the Japanese table is one of the most difficult, as it has a number of differences from the usual European one. Bowls, trays, plates, deep cups, chopsticks are all integral parts of Japanese-style table setting. Such an abundance of elements can scare an untrained guest, but after a while you will realize how convenient it is.
All necessary items (table, seats) are arranged according to the principle of asymmetry, which allows achieving free composition and visual expansion of the surrounding space.
There are several basic rules for Japanese serving:
- A separate place is prepared for each guest to designate him, it is customary to use special napkins or trays. Common dishes are placed in the center of the table, most often soup or hot.
- Unlike the forks familiar to Russian residents, the Japanese use chopsticks - they are placed in front of the plate. Please note that the chopsticks must not come into contact with the dishes. For this purpose, wooden stands are used.
- Table etiquette assumes the following arrangement of dishes - a bowl of rice is placed on the right, and a bowl of soup is on the right side. Place vegetables, meat and fish on the right. In the middle are various sauces and additives.
In the Kazakh style
Most Kazakhs adhere to the ancient custom of dastarkhan - this is a meal convened for a general meal in honor of family, religious and other celebrations. A lost traveler cannot leave home without having tasted the exquisite dishes of Kazakh cuisine. The more magnificent the decoration, the more noble its owner, the more generous the gifts of Allah will be for this family.
To decorate a table in the Kazakh style, first of all, you need to cover it with a snow-white tablecloth with amazing ornaments.The choice of ornament reflects the thoughts of the hosts and their attitude towards the guests. It is worth giving preference to classic models with colorful embroidered patterns, while the length of the canvas should meet the established criterion - it should not fall below the level of the seats.
Recently, Kazakh-style serving has begun to acquire more and more European features. One of these borrowed traditions was the design of napkins, folding them in a special way.To do this, choose bright, contrasting models and decorate them in the form of a "boat". An example of this method can be seen in the photo below.
The main decoration of the table in the Kazakh style is a variety of colorful dishes. Its quantity and design is largely determined by the nature of the event. Items that resemble the sun and the moon are especially popular.It is desirable that the dishes be made of wood and decorated with ornaments corresponding to this people.
If we talk about the arrangement of dishes, then everything is simple: the food is put on plates and arranged in a circle.
Ancient Kazakh traditions determine the sequence and order of serving dishes:
- Serving begins with the arrangement of tea utensils. Young girls put bowls in a circle, filling them with fragrant tea. In addition, oriental sweets, fruits and butter are placed on the saucers. Drinks and food are served later, after the host has taken the first sip.
- The next stage is snacks - these are all kinds of horse meat and lamb dishes. They are served with vegetables and small tortillas. In some families, it is customary to regale invited relatives and friends with kumis.
- On the main guests are offered various meat dishes from mutton offal (one of them is kuyrdak). If we are talking about a festive dinner, then the main guest should be served a boiled lamb head - it is divided equally among all the guests.
On the video:customs and traditions of the Kazakh people.
In the Russian style
In ancient times, the Russian table setting was distinguished by the sophistication of dishes, a variety of design and unchanged order. Now our dishes and cutlery are not much different from European ones, they have completely lost their national flavor.
Under normal conditions, dishes made from a wide variety of materials are used: plastic, wood, metal, glass, crystal, ceramics and porcelain.There are several types of plates - snack, deep canteen, deep dessert, saucers, caviar.
Salad bowls can also be of different shapes and sizes, often round or oval bowls with a capacity of up to 100 ml are placed on the table.
A distinctive feature of Russian cuisine is the use of soup bowls - deep plates, calculated from 4 to 10 servings.To recreate the Slavic surroundings, restaurants serve tables with earthenware, painted pots, and jugs.
Many designers note that ceramic and wooden painted dishes look very interesting as decoration.
Depending on the nature of the food and the type of event, the set of devices may also change. It can be a snack, fish, dessert, fruit or table. The latter option is also used at home with the addition of all kinds of serving items (shovels, tweezers).
In France, table setting also has a number of distinctive features. This is primarily due to the country's status as a trendsetter, correct style and good manners. Romance is a key theme in French decor. That is why this type of serving is most often used for dates. However, few people know how to properly recreate the atmosphere of France with cutlery, dishes, tablecloths and napkins.
The first rule says - attention to textiles.Without a snow-white tablecloth, lace napkins and interesting paths, the French do not accept to sit at the table. This does not mean at all that you need to spend a lot of money to buy a new tablecloth, the main thing is that it is fresh and perfectly ironed.
The surface can be decorated with a bright path by placing it in the center. For this, various stoles, scarves or pareos are also used.
What do you associate with romance? Most immediately remembered the colors. When decorating a table in the French style, you should give preference to bouquets of flowers with large buds. You can place the flower arrangement either in a small vase or on a special fruit stand.
If you're preparing for dinner, don't forget about the candles.Soft light will bring comfort and romance to your home and will please even the most picky guest. All additional decorative elements must match the color scheme. They can be in harmony with dishes or with a tablecloth and a fruit bowl.
Another important element of table decoration in France is elegance. Antique candlesticks, crystal glasses and vintage cutlery will do.
On the video:the rules of table setting in French.
Setting the table in the Scandinavian style is not as difficult as it might seem. This type of decoration is environmentally friendly, cold restraint, clear lines and elegant presentation. Serving items are made from natural materials, and the main emphasis is on texture.
According to most designers, this style is universal. It is perfect for a dinner party, cozy get-togethers with friends, a wedding celebration and an informal banquet. Preference is given to dishes of neutral or white colors and textiles in rich, fresh shades (green, red, turquoise, gray, blue, beige).
Also an excellent solution would be to buy a linen tablecloth and wooden coasters for saucers and glasses.
Table setting begins with a tablecloth, after which a composition of flowers is placed in the center, always with the addition of spruce branches, edelweiss and moss. For evening serving, glass, wooden candlesticks are suitable.When looking for the perfect candles, look for thicker versions with aromatic properties.
In recent years, the Scandinavian style has been increasingly used during the Christmas season.
We are all familiar with fine Italian cuisine, but little is known about the serving of this country. Serve dishes in a special order, wait until they have cooled down after a long preparation.
The following rules for an ideal table setting in Italian style are distinguished:
- Textiles should be of the same color, better all white or beige. At official events, it is customary to put napkins to the left of the main course; at informal events, this rule is most often not followed (then napkins are placed directly on the plates).
- Vintage cutlery is always a favorite among the Italian people. Silver, gilded and crystal glasses, carved candlesticks and a vase of an unusual shape - all this will perfectly fit into the interior of a living room or kitchen.
- Silver is an essential attribute of any feast. These can be various decorative items, cutlery or plates with silver edging around the edge.
Pay attention to the serving of the bread plate. This is the most amazing thing that can be found in European cuisine.It is customary to place it to the left of the main dish, so it is easier to reach the fragrant slicing and understand how tasty a simple food can be. Preference is given to single portion bread, however, you can also find bread cut into small pieces.
An interesting fact: in some houses in Italy it is customary to put bread directly on the tablecloth - this custom was noticed in the Middle Ages.
If you do not have time for proper table setting according to all the bon ton canons, then use the secret of the Italian housewives: everything in food should be simple and natural, and in the center is a composition of flowers or plants in an unusual vase.
Table setting in each country has its own distinctive features. However, this does not mean at all that you need to stick to only one of the possible styles. In the modern world, more and more attention is paid to a creative approach in the design of various interior elements. Do not forget about this while observing table etiquette, and then you will definitely be able to surprise your guests.