Features of finishing a metal staircase with wood: the choice of material and technology of work

A metal staircase is one of the varieties of such structures, which is distinguished by its strength, reliability and durability. Such structures are installed both outside buildings and inside a residential building, providing a comfortable rise to the second floor, attic or attic. Stairs on a metal frame today are presented in various configurations, because thanks to modern technologies, any, even the most complex, shape can be made from metal.

However, such structures cannot be considered complete without finishing. A bare frame is not yet a full-fledged staircase. There is a large selection of finishing materials on the modern market. The most popular is wood. It is this natural material that is in perfect harmony with cold metal, opening up the widest scope for designers to bring their ideas to life.

Structural features

The metal frame is a strong base for the stairs. For its manufacture, lightweight, but strong metal alloys are used that are not subject to corrosion, wear and deformation. Such designs can have any shape, the most common are sustainer and propeller models.

Before deciding on this type of staircase structures, you should familiarize yourself with their main features and weigh all the pros and cons:

  • Stairs on a metal frame are only slightly more expensive than similar wooden ones, but cheaper than concrete monolithic structures.
  • The metal base can be combined with other materials, and wood paneling is the best solution.
  • The absence of squeaks of steps can also be noted. In these models, metal acts as a supporting support, the frame elements are tightly connected by welding.
  • Unlike fully wooden stairs, metal structures last a long time. The elements are not exposed to moisture, and the joints do not loosen from intensive use.
  • Making an iron staircase with your own hands is carried out in two stages: the installation of a metal frame at the stage of construction and finishing with wood after the interior design of the whole house.

Material for covering the frame

use different types of wood.The specific choice will determine what the final design will be - a budget option or an expensive element of the interior. Also, the choice of wood largely determines the operational qualities of the future product - whether it will be a modest staircase for infrequent use or a shock-resistant model with high rates of heat and sound insulation.

Sheathing stairs on a metal frame can be made of such types of wood as:

  • Oak.Renowned for its strength and durability. It is presented in a wide range of colors: from light yellow to red-brown shades. This wood also has one feature - over time, the massif darkens a little, acquiring deep and noble tones.

  • Ash.Not inferior to its predecessor in terms of strength. It has a grayish tint and a unique fibrous pattern, the structure of this wood is more porous than oak.

  • Buk.The rock is hard and dense, but easy to work with. It has a beautiful and clear veined texture. Curly and bent elements are most often made of beech.

  • Conifers.Cedar, pine, larch are often used for cladding staircases. Pine is the cheapest, but it does not have high performance. Such materials are used for cladding only in those places where there is no need to use more expensive and durable wood.

  • Exotic breeds.These include wenge, teak and merbau. Their main advantage is the variety of colors: from lemon yellow to deep purple, rich reds and blacks. In addition to aesthetic appeal and decorative effect, they are durable and have a long service life.

Stain is most often used for toning wood paneling. If you want to save money, choose any of the affordable options. The main thing is that it should be a light wood species.

Criteria for choosing a metal staircase finish

Facing an iron staircase with wood is, to a greater extent, a decorative design frame. However, you still need to choose materials for finishing that would significantly improve the technical characteristics of the future product.At the exit, you should get a strong, comfortable and safe staircase in operation.

To choose a quality facing material, you should pay attention to the following criteria:

  • The maximum allowable moisture content of sawn timber should not exceed 12%. Poorly dried wood is often the cause of deformation of the staircase or its elements.
  • There should be no cracks, chips or other defects on the surface of the material. Choose only smooth wood that has been cut on good machines.
  • There should not be too many knots in the tree structure. Otherwise, the material will be difficult to process, and this is a lot of labor.
  • The choice of cladding also depends on the location of the metal staircase - in the living room, occupying the central part of the room, or in the utility part. After all, the aesthetic characteristics of different breeds are not the same.
Choose only good quality and well-dried wood.

video:how to choose material and accessories for stairs.

Technology for cladding metal structures

When you have decided on the wood and purchased lumber for cladding in the required quantity, you can proceed with the installation. But before that, it is necessary to make accurate calculations and prepare tools, without which it is impossible to finish the staircase.

Required tools

To sheathe a metal ladder with wood with your own hands, you will need the following list of tools:

  • hammer drill and a screwdriver;
  • jigsaw for cutting material;
  • plane, file, sandpaper;
  • hammer, rubber mallet, pliers;
  • tape measure, building level;
  • a set of wrenches, self-tapping screws.

Preparatory work

tools. Correctly performed preparatory work will determine how reliable, durable and user-friendly the structure will be.

So, what needs to be done:

1. Using a tape measure, measure each step of the iron ladder, as well as its side parts and the length of the march.

2. Record the received data on a sheet and mark the necessary parts on the lumber.

3. Saw out all necessary workpieces of suitable sizes, file rough edges and emery for sharp corners.

4. Number the elements for covering the steps, taking into account that you will carry out the finishing process from the bottom up. It is better to do this in places that will not be visible after installation.

5. Using sandpaper, sand the surfaces to perfect smoothness. You can use a sander, so the work will go faster.

6. In conclusion, it is enough to treat all wooden elements with an antiseptic and wait until they are completely dry.

Metal frame cladding

When all parts are carefully finished and ready for installation, proceed to the cladding of the frame. The whole process looks like this:

1.We start work with finishing the steps from the bottom up.For this we lay wooden treads and fix them with self-tapping screws. The hats of the fasteners should be deepened into the boards by half a centimeter.

2.Install the risers.They should fit snugly to the frame; for their fastening we also use self-tapping screws with a drill for metal.

3.Let's start assembling the fence elements.Balusters are installed on the steps along the edges, on the reverse side of the step we screw in self-tapping screws. It is advisable to place the supporting elements with an interval of 15-20 cm. Next, we attach the handrail to the installed balusters.

If desired, it is possible to sheathe the remaining parts of the frame with a tree. But this finishing option is needed only if the metal structure has any defects.

Rear mounting

frame, and self-tapping screws are twisted from the back side.​​First you need to drill holes in the metal itself in the right places for the fasteners. Just prepare a container with cold water in advance to cool the drill - often the metal in such frames is 5-7 mm thick.

The diameter of the holes should be such that in the future self-tapping screws easily pass through them.

Next, proceed to the installation of each step. Everything is very simple here. First, you need to make a plywood backing and fix it to the frame with a filling effect assembly adhesive. Just do not use polyurethane foam instead of glue - it dries out over time, which will lead to unpleasant squeaks.

Lay the treads on top of the substrate and pull them from the reverse side with self-tapping screws through the holes made in the metal in advance.As for the risers, the installation technology is no different from the process described above.

External finishing of the stairs

At the final stage, it remains to sheathe the back side and finish the side of the staircase. This can be done using chipboard sheets, drywall or lining.First, we prepare the parts of the required size and sew the side edge like a bowstring, for this it is better to use wooden panels. We close the lower part of the flight of stairs with plasterboard. We fix it with self-tapping screws.

After sheathing a metal staircase with wood, do not forget about the finishing touch, on which the final result will depend. In addition, we paint the lined parts of the stairs with paint on wood or open them with varnish, tinted or transparent - whoever likes what.

Sheathing of the metal frame and installation of balusters (3 videos)

Stairs with partial and full finishing (48 photos)

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